在 Ubuntu 16.04 上编译纯 CPU 挖矿程序

独服的 CPU 闲着也是闲着,小挖怡情,大挖伤身。本文主要基于 NiceHash Miner 可用的挖矿程序,在 Linux 下编译 CPU 可用的版本

Equihash miner for NiceHash

项目源码在这里,这个 miner 的编译稍稍有些麻烦,很多依赖需要自己安装。由于是纯 CPU 挖矿,尽管页面上提到了 CUDA Kit,但是我们并不需要安装这个。

需要的依赖有这些,Boost 1.62+ 和 CMake 3.5+,但是实际操作中,由于 CMake 和 Boost 库存在版本兼容性问题(Boost 1.63 / CMake 3.7+; Boost 1.64 / CMake 3.8+; Boost 1.65 & 1.65.1 / CMake 3.9.3+),因此不能采用简单的 apt 方式安装,而需要自己下载。

Boost 我选择了 1.65.1,具体安装看这里,具体命令如下:

wget https://dl.bintray.com/boostorg/release/1.65.1/source/boost_1_65_1.tar.bz2
tar --bzip2 -xf /path/to/boost_1_65_1.tar.bz2
cd path/to/boost_1_65_1
./bootstrap.sh
./b2 install

然后安装 CMake 3.9.3+,这里我一开始就被坑了,如果不选择合适的 CMake 版本,则编译时无法找到 Boost 库。

wget https://cmake.org/files/v3.9/cmake-3.9.6-Linux-x86_64.sh
chmod +x /path/to/cmake-3.9.6-Linux-x86_64.sh
sudo /path/to/cmake-3.9.6-Linux-x86_64.sh #Set your own install path during the process
sudo ln -s /path/to/cmake-3.9.6-Linux-x86_64/bin/* /usr/local/bin

然后运行 cmake --version 查看版本,应该已经是 3.9.3+ 了

接下来按照 GitHub 页面操作

  1. git clone https://github.com/nicehash/nheqminer.git
  2. 修改根目录下的 CMakeList.txt,修改这样一行: option(USE_CUDA_DJEZO "USE CUDA_DJEZO" ON) 后面的 ON 为 OFF,这是因为我们要纯 CPU 挖矿,不编译 CUDA 版本。
  3. cd nheqminer/cpu_xenoncat/asm_linux/
  4. chmod +x fasm
  5. sh assemble.sh
  6. cd ../../../
  7. mkdir build && cd build
  8. cmake ../nheqminer
  9. make -j $(nproc)

接下来在 build 目录下就会看到编译好的 nheqminer 程序,使用 nheqminer -l equihash.eu.nicehash.com:3357 -u <NH_BTC_ADDRESS>.<worker_name> -t <n_threads> 开始挖矿

CPUMiner-Multi

  1. git clone https://github.com/tpruvot/cpuminer-multi.git
  2. 安装依赖 apt install automake autoconf libcurl4-openssl-dev libjansson-dev libssl-dev
  3. cd cpuminer-multi
  4. ./build.sh
  5. ./cpuminer -a <algo> -o stratum+tcp://<pool_addr> -u <NH_BTC_ADDRESS>.<worker_name> -t <n_threads>

CPUMiner-Multi Help:

Usage: cpuminer-multi [OPTIONS]
Options:
  -a, --algo=ALGO       specify the algorithm to use
                          axiom        Shabal-256 MemoHash
                          bitcore      Timetravel with 10 algos
                          blake        Blake-256 14-rounds (SFR)
                          blakecoin    Blake-256 single sha256 merkle
                          blake2s      Blake2-S (256)
                          bmw          BMW 256
                          c11/flax     C11
                          cryptolight  Cryptonight-light
                          cryptonight  Monero
                          decred       Blake-256 14-rounds 180 bytes
                          dmd-gr       Diamond-Groestl
                          drop         Dropcoin
                          fresh        Fresh
                          groestl      GroestlCoin
                          heavy        Heavy
                          jha          JHA
                          keccak       Keccak
                          luffa        Luffa
                          lyra2re      Lyra2RE
                          lyra2rev2    Lyra2REv2 (Vertcoin)
                          myr-gr       Myriad-Groestl
                          neoscrypt    NeoScrypt(128, 2, 1)
                          nist5        Nist5
                          pluck        Pluck:128 (Supcoin)
                          pentablake   Pentablake
                          quark        Quark
                          qubit        Qubit
                          scrypt       scrypt(1024, 1, 1) (default)
                          scrypt:N     scrypt(N, 1, 1)
                          scrypt-jane:N (with N factor from 4 to 30)
                          shavite3     Shavite3
                          sha256d      SHA-256d
                          sia          Blake2-B
                          sib          X11 + gost (SibCoin)
                          skein        Skein+Sha (Skeincoin)
                          skein2       Double Skein (Woodcoin)
                          s3           S3
                          timetravel   Timetravel (Machinecoin)
                          vanilla      Blake-256 8-rounds
                          x11evo       Permuted x11
                          x11          X11
                          x13          X13
                          x14          X14
                          x15          X15
                          x17          X17
                          xevan        Xevan (BitSend)
                          yescrypt     Yescrypt
                          zr5          ZR5
  -o, --url=URL         URL of mining server
  -O, --userpass=U:P    username:password pair for mining server
  -u, --user=USERNAME   username for mining server
  -p, --pass=PASSWORD   password for mining server
      --cert=FILE       certificate for mining server using SSL
  -x, --proxy=[PROTOCOL://]HOST[:PORT]  connect through a proxy
  -t, --threads=N       number of miner threads (default: number of processors)
  -r, --retries=N       number of times to retry if a network call fails
                          (default: retry indefinitely)
  -R, --retry-pause=N   time to pause between retries, in seconds (default: 30)
      --time-limit=N    maximum time [s] to mine before exiting the program.
  -T, --timeout=N       timeout for long poll and stratum (default: 300 seconds)
  -s, --scantime=N      upper bound on time spent scanning current work when
                          long polling is unavailable, in seconds (default: 5)
      --randomize       Randomize scan range start to reduce duplicates
  -f, --diff-factor     Divide req. difficulty by this factor (std is 1.0)
  -m, --diff-multiplier Multiply difficulty by this factor (std is 1.0)
  -n, --nfactor         neoscrypt N-Factor
      --coinbase-addr=ADDR  payout address for solo mining
      --coinbase-sig=TEXT  data to insert in the coinbase when possible
      --max-log-rate    limit per-core hashrate logs (default: 5s)
      --no-longpoll     disable long polling support
      --no-getwork      disable getwork support
      --no-gbt          disable getblocktemplate support
      --no-stratum      disable X-Stratum support
      --no-extranonce   disable Stratum extranonce support
      --no-redirect     ignore requests to change the URL of the mining server
  -q, --quiet           disable per-thread hashmeter output
      --no-color        disable colored output
  -D, --debug           enable debug output
  -P, --protocol-dump   verbose dump of protocol-level activities
      --hide-diff       Hide submitted block and net difficulty
  -S, --syslog          use system log for output messages
  -B, --background      run the miner in the background
      --benchmark       run in offline benchmark mode
      --cputest         debug hashes from cpu algorithms
      --cpu-affinity    set process affinity to cpu core(s), mask 0x3 for cores 0 and 1
      --cpu-priority    set process priority (default: 0 idle, 2 normal to 5 highest)
  -b, --api-bind        IP/Port for the miner API (default: 127.0.0.1:4048)
      --api-remote      Allow remote control
      --max-temp=N      Only mine if cpu temp is less than specified value (linux)
      --max-rate=N[KMG] Only mine if net hashrate is less than specified value
      --max-diff=N      Only mine if net difficulty is less than specified value
  -c, --config=FILE     load a JSON-format configuration file
  -V, --version         display version information and exit
  -h, --help            display this help text and exit

 

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